Hudson, oh my Hudson. This dog used to get hurt a LOT. Like, if his paws weren't wrapped up - it was shocking. So I got great at small wounds to save a couple bucks (although, the girls at the vet office still know me by the sound of my voice...).
You guys asked, so let's go through what I have in the house for our little dog first aid kit!
Please keep in mind, this is not a replacement for the vet. If there is a big issue, don't be cheap - go deal with it. This is more the preventing infection, got a small cut, I can deal with it myself kind of first aid.
As I said before, this is mostly for cut up paw pads, but there's some multi functional stuff in here too.
1. Cotton Pads - for obvious reasons. Cleaning is key.
2. Hydrogren Peroxide - an easy to find anti-septic. My dad used to dump this stuff on our cuts when we were little and I do the same to the dogs now. Clean the cut out! It will bubble, but it's not a stingy one (it does freak the dogs out though, so keep in mind if they jump or make noises it's just a weird feeling and they're probably just being a baby). Be sure not to use it too often, as it kills the good bacteria trying to heal a cut, too. I usually clean good cuts out every other day or so. You can pick this stuff up in the first aid aisle by the band-aids.
3. Mane and Tail Pro-Tect Wound Cream - basically, just strong animal version of polysporin. They also have a shampoo version if your animal has skin problems (like hot spots)! You can pick this up at Buckerfields.
4. Non Stick Sterile Pads - life changing for humans, let alone furry critters. If you need to do a full wrap and keep a cut covered, these are the way to go. You can (like a band-aid) put the wound cream onto this or directly on the wound. Again, human first aid aisle (I think I got these from Shopper's Drug Mart).
5. Old Socks - you know how your dryer eats one sock randomly and you're left with a mismatch? Now they have a purpose. Again, this is for a paw or leg (obviously) and I use them when I want the dogs to stop licking their owies! Usually, I tape it on so it doesn't fall off. But it's a deterrent to licking, protects it a little but while still allowing it to breath! If there is a wound further up the leg, simply cut the toe end off and make a tube. I like using socks at night, when they're sleeping, to allow the cut to get some air on it while still being covered.
6. Hockey Tape & Medical Scissors - As I mentioned, we use tape to keep stuff on (tape the sock, not the fur, duh). The scissors I use to trim extra fur away to be able to get at cuts easily and to cut the sterile pads smaller and the vet wrap to size. These guys aren't necessary but are handy to have kickin' around.
7. A Rain Boot - we also have a proper 'wound bootie' around here somewhere. Simply, extra protection, especially during the seasons when it's wet or snowy out. We used Hudson's a lot when we went camping and he was hurt, just as a way to keep the dirt out of it. I will say, make sure this isn't on all the time. Use it if you're trying to protect it from extra elements, but in the house and stuff try and let cuts breathe (like, with the sock).
8. Vet Wrap - life changing. Seriously, you need this. I discovered it years ago when my tattoo artist used it and I immediately bought some just to have in the house. It's stretchy, it sticks to itself, and it comes in a million different colours and patterns. Single handedly the best thing you can have in your kit. It's durable as heck, since it's made for animals, comes in different sizes, moves with the body, and so easy to use. Mine is from Buckerfields (I usually buy like 5 at a time), but I have noticed more pet stores starting to carry it, too.
Rescue Remedy - My Nana suggested this to me a long time ago for Hudson when he gets anxious. It's a naturopathic blend meant to calm nerves, meant for people, but many people give it to their animals. I put it a few drops on a cookie for him about half an hour before he has to get the dressing on his wounds changed. I also use it for road trips or any situation I sense the dogs getting stressed out in. Pro tip: you can take it too! I got mine at a health/supplement store (most will carry it).
Colloidal Silver - apparently it is an Island thing to have this unconventional antibiotic shoved under your tongue at the first sign of illness. It literally just tastes like water and it's basically the magic kind. Dogs and humans alike benefit greatly from this stuff. Can be used topically for infections, cuts, burns, and works wonders for eye and ear infections. I recently got this bottle from Tail Blazers! I've been putting a couple of drops in their food, too, because Lucy has a little eye infection and Hudson (as usual) has a cut paw.
I hope this is helpful & gets you started on your own little first aid kit. I like to think of myself as a bit of an expert on the doggy first aid front, although, as I said before, I am not, and none of this can replace proper vet care. But if you can properly care for something yourself, it could save you a little cash. Our general rule is if it's not looking better by the end of the week, we go in and see the good doc!